Amenhotep III, king of Egypt (1386-1349 BC), of
the 18th Dynasty, builder of extensive architectural works,
including portions of the temple of Luxor and the so-called
Colossi of Memnon. His reign was one of peace and prosperity,
when Egyptian power was at its height. Amenhotep's diplomatic
correspondence is preserved in the Amarna Letters, a collection
of some 400 clay tablets found in Tell el-Amarna in 1887.
Akhenaton, Egypt's great religious reformer, was his son.